You could be forgiven for thinking that the United States left the global agreement on climate change a long time ago. Since 2017, when President Trump announced his intention to abandon the pact, he has been talking about withdrawal as if it were a final deal. In fact, the exit from the Paris Agreement has been a long process. The United States is the world`s second largest emitter, behind China, and its promised emission reductions accounted for about 20% of the global reductions under the agreement. U.S. European allies campaigned against the U.S. exit from the agreement, saying it would weaken their enforcement measures and undermine other countries` determination to make their own dark cuts. They fear that a decline in the world`s largest economy will prevent efforts already made to mitigate climate change that is causing significant damage to the coasts. Some foreign policy experts, such as former Under secretary of state R. Nicholas Burns, say a return to the agreement could hamper U.S.
influence on a number of unrelated diplomatic issues. Stewart Patrick of CFR said the decision “will threaten the national security and prosperity of the United States by sabotaging the global leadership of the United States.” If the withdrawal is effective, the United States will be the only UNFCCC member states that have not signed the Paris Agreement. At the time of the initial announcement of the withdrawal, Syria and Nicaragua were also not present; However, both Syria and Nicaragua have ratified the agreement, so the United States is the only UNFCCC member state that intends not to be a contracting party to the agreement.  We are among the richest energy reserves in the world, enough to lift America`s poorest working people out of poverty. But as part of this agreement, we are effectively locking up these reserves and taking the great wealth of our nation – it is a great wealth, it is a phenomenal wealth. Not so long ago, we had no idea that we had such wealth and that we were leaving millions and millions of families trapped in poverty and unemployment. Trump could not leave the agreement immediately – he can only do so after the November election, in a strange time. The agreement also provided for a framework for assessing progress made every five years. This would allow governments to ideally change their obligations, called national contributions or NDCs, by making them more ambitious with lower technological costs, but also, if necessary, by reducing them without penalty.
The world will be watching the U.S. presidential election on Tuesday, November 3, but 24 hours later, there will be another extremely serious news event when the United States formally leaves the Paris climate agreement. Pompeo assured him that the United States would help, but said that a continuation of the 2015 agreement would make no difference if CO2 emissions from countries like China continued to rise. “We remain committed to working with all U.S. groups and partners around the world to accelerate the fight against climate change and with all signatories to ensure the full implementation of the Paris Agreement,” he added, adding that there is no greater responsibility than to protect our planet and our people from the threat of climate change. Science is well aware of the urgent need to act and work together to reduce the effects of global warming and to ensure a greener and more resilient future for all of us. The same nations that are asking us to maintain the agreement are the countries that have cost the United States billions of dollars through hard trade practices and, in many cases, lax contributions to our critical military alliance.