The Lok Sabha approved the bills on 17 September 2020 and Rajya Sabha on 20 September 2020. During the vote in Rajya Sabha, the opposition asked for the physical vote instead of the vote, but the physical votes did not take place.  Rajya Sabha`s voting rules stipulate that members of the House of Representatives can challenge the decision to vote and, in this case, votes must be registered.  However, the Speaker of the House of Representatives passed the bill with one vote, claiming that the opposition had caused chaos, since the rules stipulated that votes in the division required all members to remain seated while they were decency.   – The risk of market unpredictability is also transferred from the farmer to the sponsor. Farmers are protected from rising and falling market prices due to pre-fixing of prices. Agricultural markets in India are governed primarily by the laws of the Agricultural Producers Marketing Committee (CMPA). LDCs were set up to ensure fair trade between buyers and sellers in order to effectively price farmers` products.  LDCs may: (i) regulate the trade in farmers` products by licensing buyers, Commission representatives and private markets, (ii) impose market royalties or other taxes on such trade and (iii) provide the necessary infrastructure in their markets to facilitate trade. – Another doubt is that small farmers will be able to farm under contract, and sponsors will fear them. Farmers are not in a position to enter into an agricultural agreement if they are derogating from the rights of a participation agent. To resolve disputes, an agricultural agreement must provide a conciliation body and a conciliation procedure. The government said the law protected farmers who, together with agricultural companies, processors, wholesalers, exporters or large retailers, for agricultural services and the sale of future agricultural products, within a mutually agreed, agreed lucrative price framework, would be treated fairly and transparently.
 The agricultural contract may be amended or terminated at any time, with the agreement of the parties. The act provided for a three-step dispute resolution mechanism by the conciliation body, the sub-district judge and the appeal authority. The agreement was to provide for a conciliation body and a conciliation procedure for the settlement of disputes.  The law has been the subject of much criticism from farmers across the country, particularly in Punjab and Haryana. Without any regulation, the interests of farmers are neglected.  On September 14, 2020, three bills “on the transformation of agriculture in the country and increasing farmers` incomes” were introduced in the Lok Sabha Act, the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection Agreement) of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020; The Farmers` Trade and Trade Act (promotion and facilitation) of 2020; and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020.